Surgical Site Infection that Cause Infectious Diseases

Surgical site infection (SSI)The incidence of post-operative infection is higher in elderly patients. Most wound infections manifest within a week of surgery. Causative agents: E.coli, Proteus, Enterococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci.Sign and symptoms:Measures to prevent infection:Infection that is caused by intravenous cannulation or central line catheter is known as bloodstream infection. Causative agents: Gram-negative bacilli are the common pathogens.Measures to prevent BSI:The patient should be on mechanical ventilation (either through an endotracheal tube or through tracheostomy) in an ICU for more than 48 hours to be considered to be a case under consideration for VAP.Causative agents: Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza, PseudomonasSign and Symptoms:Measures to prevent infection:HAND HYGIENEPurpose: To remove transient microorganisms from the skin of the hands.Technique: Hand washing (40-60 sec): wet hands and apply soap rub all surfaces, rinse hands and dry thoroughly with a single-use towel, use towel to turn off facet. Hand rubbing (20-30 sec): apply enough product to cover all areas of the hands,rub hands until dry.Step of hand washing:PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTBlood Stream Infection (BSI) catheter-related