Finding the Root Cause of Teenage Pregnancy

Literature ReviewIn 2009, teen births, which is defined as pregnancy that occurs in young females between the ages of 13-19, accounted for 10.1% of all births in the United States and 21.4% of all nonmarital births. The birth rate for U.S. teenagers increased in 2006 and 2007 after a steady decline since 1991. The United States is ranked first among the nation in teenage pregnancy and teens in the US are more likely to become pregnant than other teens in other countries. For example, US teens are twice as likely to give birth than teens in Canada and ten times more likely than those in Switzerland (Danawi, Bryant, and Hasbini 2016).The way that it is considered a social problem is, because it is happening more frequently to the point where it is becoming a social norm and it can also have a negative effect on the physical, psychological, and social wellbeing of the teen mother and the offspring.The way that it can affect the teen mother is that they are most likely to have a poor health status and also a high mortality rate.They also have an increased risk of heart disease and cervical cancer as well as a greater risk of low socioeconomic level and a high risk of poverty. The child is the way that I plan to solve teenage pregnancy is by incorporating more sex education into schools. According to states that taught sex education tends to have less teen pregnancy rates I think that Teen pregnancy is important to solve, because it can help inform teenagers of the consequence of them engaging in sexual activity at an early age and can also save the government money and also there will be more.Current Literature covers different topics about teenage pregnancy such as sex education, race, socioeconomic level, media, abstinence only courses, how schools affect teenage pregnancy, and parenting. The first thing that literature discuss is the racial aspect of teenage pregnancy. There has been a big difference found in many studies between African Americans and white teens. They have proven racial and ethnic minority groups have experience a higher pregnancy rate than their counterparts within the united states and it has shown that out of ten African American teens there will be four teens that will end up being teen parents and Latinos who have emigrated to the united states form their native countries tend to have a higher risk of unintended pregnancy.Y=B0*B1+X1*B2+X2*B3+X3+eThe Y Represents Teenage pregnancy, which is the social problem. Next is X1, which is the outcome variable, sex education, that would become a solution for teenage pregnancy. X2-X4 represent the control variables that can affect the outcome variable, but not as much as the predictor variable would.The way that I decided to analyze each independent variable is that I did survey type questions and I surveyed six different females around the ages of 15-52. For the Y variable I whether or not they were teen parents. This question is similar to how I how I coded for x1 and x2 which ask them about their exposure to teenage pregnancy in the media and have they taken any sex ed courses throughout their teenage years. They would either answer yes (1) or no (0). The next way I analyzed the last two variables is that I ask them how may friends where involved in sexual activity at a young age, which is related to peer pressure and with religion I based it on a scale of 1-4 One represents the religion that is least associated with teenage pregnancy and four represents the religion that is mostly related to teen pregnancy.The Y represents Teenage Pregnancy, which is my outcome variable and the problem that I am trying to solve. X1 represents Sex education, I will be using sex education as a solution to solve teenage pregnancy, because many school only teach abstinence and when they do touch on the subject of teen pregnancy, they tend to surpass it without informing teenager what they really need to know. Sex education, which is the. X2 is Media, which is my first control variable. The media have teenage pregnancy throughout the media. In the beginning it has been proven that the teenagers who has been exposed to teenage pregnancy in the media has shown low pregnancy rates, but now that seems to have change. Media today tends to glamorize teenage pregnancies, while hiding the fact of what teen moms really go through. Teens today may see pregnancy as a way to become “famous” For example, teens may look to the other teen moms as a role model and they my think that if that happen to them, it may happen to me also.The primary purpose of this essay was to inform teens about the effects of teenage pregnancy and how school can incorporate sex education classes as a way to prevent teenage pregnancy and also as a way to inform adolescents about all the options that they have if they do decide to have children early. Even though teenage pregnancy rates are declining, it is still considered a documented problem today. In the united states there are approximately between 890,000-900,000 teenage pregnancies every year and cost roughly around $9 billion a year for pregnancies. The birth rate for U.S. teens has dropped in 16 of the last 18 years it remains higher than the teenage birth rate of most industrialized nations. In recognition of the negative, long-term consequences associated with teenage pregnancy and births, the prevention of pregnancy among teenagers is a major public policy goal of this nation.Parents Affect on Teenage Pregnancy