Comparison Between Christian and Muslim Marriages

Marriage occupies a special place in various cultures and religions. Despite variations in the terms and conditions of marriage, there are many differences between religions regarding marriage. Marriage is a human being’s natural vocation that enables him/her to attain peace and tranquility. Marriage and family formation serve many roles from the sociologists’ point of view, such as reproduction, socialization, security, emotional support, and sexual activity control.In Christianity, the authority of marriage comes from both the Old and New Testaments.Christianity claims that God created one man and one woman in the beginning and that the man leaves his father and mother to be united with his wife. In Christianity, marriage is a bond between husband and wife and a tangible symbol of the love of God for human beings, and a symbol of the love of Jesus for his followers. Christians believe that the core of Christian life is Jesus Christ, and communion with him takes priority over all other kinds of social and family relationships.There are some men and women who neglect the enjoyment of marriage to pay more attention to Christ’s mission.In Christianity, there is a marriage contract that you have to abide by. This contract has to be carried out in the church and generally in public. Another prerequisite for marriage is the presence of a priest and his enforcement of the contract. Marriage, in their opinion, is not complete but through the prayer of marriage. Since marriage in Christianity means a man and woman joining together to become one body, polygamy is forbidden. The Church finds marriage an inseparable bond and forbids divorce or polygamy. Remarriage is not allowed even after one’s spouse’s death — and even in this situation, it is considered more appropriate not to remarry. “The nature of marriage in Christianity is (1) heavenly and divine, and (2) unbreakable because God creates this sacred bond between the man and woman” (Zinati 1384 Sh, 42).Marriage and family are the social bodies of greatest significance. Islam considers marriage as a “solemn covenant” (Qur’an 4:21) and one of God’s “signs” (30:21). Islam promotes wedlock by promising those who want to marry that “Allah will give them means out of His grace” (24:32-33). Lineage and marriage relationships are accorded equal importance “It is He who has created man from water, then He has established relationships of lineage and marriage” (25:54). Marriage is a precious deed to God in Islam and is compatible with human nature. Marriage should be met in a proper and timely manner just like other natural needs. In certain cultures, however, marriage is often postponed or completed prematurely, leading to many social and individual problems.One of the conditions of marriage is that both parties have agreement and freedom of choice. The contract is void in the event of reticence from either side. The marriages of religious figures clearly represent this freedom of choice. “the involvement of third parties in Muslim marriages can be more prominent because their intercessions tend to be seen as being undertaken to further the interests of the male party” (Mark Furlong and Abe W. Ate). A Muslim man can marry four women at the same time, as long as he is able to deal equally with them. Divorce (talaq) is the termination or dissolution of a marital contract between a wife and a husband. It is considered an abominable act and is governed according to strict conditions and procedures. This will be raising the social and emotional negative impacts of divorce on the couple and their children. “Polygamy is allowed because the Qur’an permits a Muslim to be married at the same time to four women, this Qur’anic permission is still valid today. It is true that Muslim jurists nowadays are of the opinion that polygamy is allowed only when all wives are treated equally” (p147-160. 14p).Christianity and the Muslim religion(s) have their differences regarding marriage and they both follow the tradition that comes with it.